特徵的比較

在對兩種事物的特徵做比較時,我們會用到一套標準規則。

特徵相等時

要比較兩個具有相等特徵的事物非常簡單,我們會用這樣的公式來表達:

as + 描述特徵的形容詞 + as

舉例
  • Tom is as tall as his brother.
  • I am as hungry as you are.
  • Sally is as nice as Jane.
特徵不相等時

如果兩個特徵不相等,可以用以下三種句型來表達,無論用哪一種,意思都是差不多的。

第一種:

 

not as + 描述特徵的形容詞 + as

 第二種:

less + 描述特徵的形容詞 + than:這種句型會頻繁地用在某些形容詞。

第三種:

形容詞比較級 + than:此結構需要改變詞組的順序,或用相對的形容詞來表達。

舉例
  • Mont Blanc is not as high as Mount Everest.
  • Mont Blanc is less high than Mount Everest.
  • Mont Blanc is lower than Mount Everest.
  • Mount Everest is higher than Mont Blanc.
  • Norway is not as sunny as Thailand.
  • Norway is less sunny than Thailand.
  • Thailand is sunnier than Norway.
  • Norway is cloudier than Thailand.