未來進行式

型態

未來進行式是由兩個要素組成:
Be 動詞的未來簡單式 + 現在分詞(動詞原型+ing)

主詞 Be 動詞未來簡單式 現在分詞
You will be watching
I will be staying
未來進行式,以 to stay 為例
肯定句 否定句 疑問句 否定疑問句
I will be staying. I won't be staying. Will I be staying? Won't I be staying?
You will be staying. You won't be staying. Will you be staying? Won't you be staying?
He will be staying. He won't be staying. Will he be staying? Won't he be staying?
She will be staying. She won't be staying. Will she be staying? Won't she be staying?
It will be staying. It won't be staying. Will it be staying? Won't it be staying?
We will be staying. We won't be staying. Will we be staying? Won't we be staying?
They will be staying. They won't be staying. Will they be staying? Won't they be staying?

作用

未來進行式涉及一個未完成的動作,而這個動作會在未來某個時間持續進行著。會用到未來進行式的情況很少。

用未來進行式表達預期自己在未來的狀況。

舉例
  • This time next week I will be sun-bathing in Bali.
  • By Christmas I will be skiing like a pro.
  • Just think, next Monday you will be working in your new job.

用未來進行式表達對未來動作的預測或猜測。

例句
  • He'll be coming to the meeting, I expect.
  • I guess you'll be feeling thirsty after working in the sun.
  • You'll be missing the sunshine once you're back in England.

用未來進行式疑問句來詢問有關未來的資訊,口氣上較禮貌。

舉例
  • Will you be bringing your friend to the pub tonight?
  • Will Jim be coming with us?
  • Will she be going to the party tonight?
  • Will I be sleeping in this room?

未來進行式可以意指我們預期在未來會發生的連續性動作。

舉例
  • I'll be seeing Jim at the conference next week.
  • When he is in Australia he will be staying with friends.
  • I'll be eating with Jane this evening so I can tell her.

當未來進行式與 still 連用時,意指某件事現在已正在發生,而且我們預期這件事還會持續到未來某個時間點。

舉例
  • In an hour I'll still be ironing my clothes.
  • Tomorrow he'll still be suffering from his cold.
  • Next year will she still be wearing a size six?
  • Won't stock prices still be falling in the morning?
  • Unfortunately, sea levels will still be rising in 20 years.