選擇正確的量詞

在回答「How much」和「How many」的問句時,有些量詞必須接可數名詞(如 friends、cups、people),有些則必須接不可數名詞(如 sugar、tea、money),也有幾種不限名詞可不可數。

只接不可數名詞 可接所有類型的名詞 只接可數名詞
a little no, none, not any a few
a bit of some a number of
  any several
a great deal of a lot of, lots of a great number of
a large amount of plenty of a large number of
舉例
  • Would you like some tea and a few cookies?
  • I always put a little milk and some carrots in my soup.
  • He has several apples. I don't have any fruit at all.
  • She has plenty of clothes for the winter.
  • I recieved a large amount of feedback from my survey.
much 和 many 的用法

much 和 many 主要用在疑問句和否定句上。在肯定句和否定句上,這些量詞也會和 too 和 so 一起連用。注意:many 這個字可以單獨用在肯定句,但 much 不能。在肯定句中,much 會被 a lot of 或 lots of 取代(這些詞也可取代 many)。

不可數名詞 可數名詞
How much sugar do you have? How many people came to the concert?
There's not much sugar at the store. Not many people came to the concert.
I have too much sugar at home. There were too many people at the concert.
I don't know what to do with so much sugar. It's a problem when there are so many people.
I wish there was not so much sugar here. There were not so many people last year.
There is a lot of sugar in candy. There are many people who want to come. = There are a lot of people who want to come.