現在簡單式

使用現在簡單式的情況:

  • 表達嗜好、真理、重複性的動作或不變的情況、情感和願望:
    I smoke(嗜好);I work in London(不變的情況);London is a large city(真理)
  • 給予指令或指導:
    You walk for two hundred meters, then you turn left.
  • 表達已敲定的安排,現在或未來的安排都可用現在簡單式來表達:
    Your exam starts at 09.00.
  • 表達未來的時間,用於特定連接詞之後:after, when, before, as soon as, until
    He'll give it to you when you come next Saturday.
但要注意!現在簡單式並不會用來表達現在正發生的事。

舉例

  • 嗜好
    He drinks tea at breakfast.
    She only eats fish.
    They watch television regularly.
  • 重複的動作或事件
    We catch the bus every morning.
    It rains every afternoon in the hot season.
    They drive to Monaco every summer.
  • 真理
    Water freezes at zero degrees.
    The Earth revolves around the Sun.
    Her mother is Peruvian.
  • 指令或指導
    Open the packet and pour the contents into hot water.
    You take the No.6 bus to Watney and then the No.10 to Bedford.
  • 排定的事情
    His mother arrives tomorrow.
    Our holiday starts on the 26th March
  • 未來的建設
    She'll see you before she leaves.
    We'll give it to her when she arrives.

構成現在簡單式:以 to think 為例

肯定 疑問 否定
I think Do I think? I do not think
You think Do you think? You do not think
He thinks Does he think? He does not think
She thinks Does she think? She does not think
It thinks Does it think? It does not think
We think Do we think? We do not think.
They think Do they think? They do not think.

現在簡單式的小筆記:第三人稱單數

  • 在第三人稱單數時,動詞一律以 s 結尾:
    he wants, she needs, he gives, she thinks.
  • 否定句和疑問句要用 Does(= 助動詞 Do 的第三人稱動詞變化)+ 不帶 to 的不定詞。
    He wants ice cream. Does he want strawberry? He does not want vanilla.
  • y 結尾的動詞:第三人稱動詞要將 y 改為 ies
    fly --> flies, cry --> cries
    例外情況:字尾 -前面有母音:
    play --> plays, pray --> prays
  • 當動詞原型字尾是 ssxshch 時,就在字尾加 es:
    he passes, she catches, he fixes, it pushes
舉例
  • He goes to school every morning.
  • She understands English.
  • It mixes the sand and the water.
  • He tries very hard.
  • She enjoys playing the piano.