在英語中使用形容詞

在英語中,無論名詞的性別和數量為何,都不會改變形容詞的型態。

舉例
  • This is a hot potato.
  • Those are some hot potatoes.

若要強調或加強形容詞的意思,就在形容詞前加上 very 或 really 等副詞來強調它的程度。

舉例
  • This is a very hot potato
  • Those are some really hot potatoes.

形容詞通常會放在要修飾的名詞前面。

舉例
  • The beautiful girl ignored me.
  • The fast red car drove away.

形容詞也可以放在狀態動詞和感官動詞後,像是 to be、to seem、to look 以及 to taste 等。

舉例
  • Italy is beautiful.
  • I don't think she seems nice at all.
  • You look tired.
  • This meat tastes funny.

例外情況

在某些固定用語中,形容詞會放在動詞後。

舉例
  • The Princess Royal is visiting Oxford today.
  • The President elect made a speech last night.
  • He received a court martial the following week.

如 involved、present 和 concerned 等形容詞可以放在其修飾的名詞前或後,但擺放的位置也會影響整體上的意思。

舉例
形容詞置於名詞後 意思 形容詞置於名詞前 意思
I want to see the people involved. 我想看到與此事有關聯的人。 It was an involved discussion. 這場討論很縝密。
Here is a list of the people present at the meeting. 這是參與會議的名單。 The present situation is not sustainable. 目前的情況持續不了。
I need to see the man concerned by this accusation. 我需要看到那位被控告的男人。 A concerned father came to see me today. 今天有位憂心忡忡的父親來找我。